- What is a chromosome and what does it do?
- Do humans have polytene chromosomes?
- What is difference between gene and DNA?
- How is a chromosome formed?
- Where are Telocentric chromosomes found?
- What are the 2 main types of chromosomes?
- What is a Chromonemata?
- Why is chromosome important?
- Do humans have Telocentric chromosomes?
- What are the 4 types of chromosomes?
- What are the basic units of heredity?
- What is the gender of YY?
- Where is gene located?
- How many genes are in a chromosome?
- What is difference between DNA and chromosome?
What is a chromosome and what does it do?
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells.
Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique..
Do humans have polytene chromosomes?
While polytene chromosomes are most frequently found in insects, they are critical in diverse organisms from ciliates to plants to humans, and they play important roles in disease progression.
What is difference between gene and DNA?
DNA is the molecule that is the hereditary material in all living cells. Genes are made of DNA, and so is the genome itself. A gene consists of enough DNA to code for one protein, and a genome is simply the sum total of an organism’s DNA.
How is a chromosome formed?
In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure. … DNA and histone proteins are packaged into structures called chromosomes.
Where are Telocentric chromosomes found?
Telocentric chromosomes are rarely encountered in plants. They are known to occur in taxa like Stangeria, Podocarpus, Welwitschia etc., among gymno- sperms and Allium, Nothoscardum, Oxalis, Tradescantia and a few others in angiosperms.
What are the 2 main types of chromosomes?
Chromosomes in humans can be divided into two types: autosomes (body chromosome(s)) and allosome (sex chromosome(s)). Certain genetic traits are linked to a person’s sex and are passed on through the sex chromosomes. The autosomes contain the rest of the genetic hereditary information.
What is a Chromonemata?
Definition of ‘chromonemata’ 1. the coiled mass of threads visible within a nucleus at the start of cell division. 2. a coiled chromatin thread within a single chromosome.
Why is chromosome important?
The fundamental importance of chromosomes is that they contain DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, the substance that contains every organism’s genetic code. When a cell divides, its chromosomes must first replicate. Cells divide in two basic ways – mitosis and meiosis.
Do humans have Telocentric chromosomes?
Telocentric chromosomes are not seen in healthy humans, since they are unstable and arise by misdivision or breakage near the centromere and are usually eliminated within a few cell divisions.
What are the 4 types of chromosomes?
There are four main types of chromosomes: metacentric, submetacentric, acrocentric, and telocentric. Chromosomes are found within the nucleus of most living cells and consist of DNA that is tightly wound into thread-like structures.
What are the basic units of heredity?
A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins.
What is the gender of YY?
The Y chromosome contains a “male-determining gene,” the SRY gene, that causes testes to form in the embryo and results in development of external and internal male genitalia. If there is a mutation in the SRY gene, the embryo will develop female genitalia despite having XY chromosomes.
Where is gene located?
Genes are found on tiny spaghetti-like structures called chromosomes (say: KRO-moh-somes). And chromosomes are found inside cells. Your body is made of billions of cells. Cells are the very small units that make up all living things.
How many genes are in a chromosome?
Genes are contained in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus. A chromosome contains hundreds to thousands of genes. Every normal human cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46 chromosomes. A trait is any gene-determined characteristic and is often determined by more than one gene.
What is difference between DNA and chromosome?
Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes.