- What are contagious diseases called?
- What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
- What are the factors that influence disease transmission?
- What disease has the longest incubation period?
- What are the 5 stages of infectious disease?
- How do contagious diseases spread?
- Is Typhoid contagious by touch?
- What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?
- Why do viruses have incubation periods?
- What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?
- What is the difference between incubation period and communicable period?
- What are common viruses?
- What is a Fomite * 5 points?
- What can I expect from an infectious disease doctor?
- What are the stages of infection cycle?
What are contagious diseases called?
Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that get into the body and cause problems.
Some — but not all — infectious diseases spread directly from one person to another.
Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious..
What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…
What are the factors that influence disease transmission?
Water, sanitation, food and air quality are vital elements in the transmission of communicable diseases and in the spread of diseases prone to cause epidemics. A number of environmental factors influence the spread of communicable diseases that are prone to cause epidemics.
What disease has the longest incubation period?
Examples for diseases in humansDiseasebetweenperiodEbola1daysErythema infectiosum (Fifth disease)13daysGiardia3daysHIV2weeks to months, or longer28 more rows
What are the 5 stages of infectious disease?
The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2).
How do contagious diseases spread?
Contagious diseases (such as the flu, colds, or strep throat) spread from person to person in several ways. One way is through direct physical contact, like touching or kissing a person who has the infection. Another way is when an infectious microbe travels through the air after someone nearby sneezes or coughs.
Is Typhoid contagious by touch?
You can get typhoid fever by eating food or drinking water that’s contaminated with feces. This often happens due to someone not washing their hands after going to the bathroom. You can also get typhoid fever through close contact with someone who has it.
What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?
The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.
Why do viruses have incubation periods?
The infection of multiple cells in the body and subsequent replication of the virus takes time. While the virus remains at low levels, it can neither be detected nor transmitted. This is why this time is known as the virus’ incubation period.
What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?
The natural history of an untreated communicable disease has four stages: stage of exposure, stage of infection, stage of infectious disease, and stage of outcome.
What is the difference between incubation period and communicable period?
The period between exposure and infection is called ‘latent period’, since the pathogen is present in a ‘latent’ stage, without clinical symptoms or signes of infection in the host. The period between exposure and onset of clinical symptoms is called ‘incubation period’.
What are common viruses?
These include:smallpox.the common cold and different types of flu.measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles.hepatitis.herpes and cold sores.polio.rabies.Ebola and Hanta fever.More items…•
What is a Fomite * 5 points?
A fomite (/ˈfoʊmaɪt/) or fomes (/ˈfoʊmiːz/) is any inanimate object that, when contaminated with or exposed to infectious agents (such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses or fungi), can transfer disease to a new host.
What can I expect from an infectious disease doctor?
The role of an infectious disease specialist is to review a patient’s medical data, including records, X-rays and laboratory reports. They may perform a physical examination, depending on the type of problem. Laboratory studies are often necessary and may include blood studies and cultures of wounds or body fluids.
What are the stages of infection cycle?
The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.