Never miss a great news story! Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now. Initial public offering is the process by which a private company can go public by sale of its stocks to general public. It could be a new, young company or an old company which decides to be listed on an exchange and hence goes public.
Companies can raise equity capital with the help of an IPO by issuing new shares to the public or the existing shareholders can sell their shares to the public w. It is a place where shares of pubic listed companies are traded. The primary market is where companies float shares to the general public in an initial public offering IPO to raise capital.
Once new securities have been sold in the primary market, they are traded in the secondary market—where one investor buys shares from another investor at the prevailing market price or at whatev. Management buyout MBO is a type of acquisition where a group led by people in the current management of a company buy out majority of the shares from existing shareholders and take control of the company.
For example, company ABC is a listed entity where the management has a 25 per cent holding while the remaining portion is floated among public shareholders. In the case of an MBO, the current. A 'trend' in financial markets can be defined as a direction in which the market moves. A bullish trend for a certain period of time indicates recovery of an economy.
Stop-loss can be defined as an advance order to sell an asset when it reaches a particular price point. It is used to limit loss or gain in a trade. The concept can be used for short-term as well as long-term trading. Stop-loss is also known as 'stop order' or 'stop-market order'. The Return On Equity ratio essentially measures the rate of return that the owners of common stock of a company receive on their shareholdings. Return on equity signifies how good the company is in generating returns on the investment it received from its shareholders.
The denominator is essentially the d. It is a temporary rally in the price of a security or an index after a major correction or downward trend. The term is borrowed from a phrase, which says "even a dead cat will bounce if dropped from a height. The Iron Butterfly Option strategy, also called Ironfly, is a combination of four different kinds of option contracts, which together make one bull Call spread and bear Put spread.
Together these spreads make a range to earn some profit with limited loss. Ironfly belongs to the 'wingspread' options strategy group, which is defined as a limited risk strategy with potential to earn limited profit. Hedge fund is a private investment partnership and funds pool that uses varied and complex proprietary strategies and invests or trades in complex products, including listed and unlisted derivatives.
Put simply, a hedge fund is a pool of money that takes both short and long positions, buys and sells equities, initiates arbitrage, and trades bonds, currencies, convertible securities, commodities a. The loan can then be used for making purchases like real estate or personal items like cars. The only thing that this loan cannot be used for is making further security purchases or using the same for depositing of margin.
In order to raise cash f. Choose your reason below and click on the Report button. This will alert our moderators to take action. Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now You can switch off notifications anytime using browser settings. From Narayana Murthy to Salil Parekh: How chief executives have steered Infosys over the years.
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In case of a stop-loss order, the trading company or broker looks at the trading discipline to help the investor cut losses by the current market bid price i. When the stock reaches the set bid price, an order will be executed automatically to purchase the same. If you already own the shares of company X and want to sell them, you would ask your broker to sell them when the price reaches at certain high or low.
Accordingly, an automatic order will get triggered once the price range matches the set limits. A stop-loss order is basically a tool used for short-term investment planning. The trade gets triggered automatically and the limits are decided in advance. This can be very helpful for small investors. Tick Size Tick size is the minimum price change between different bid and offer prices of an asset traded on an exchange platform.
A straddle is a trading strategy that involves options. A trader enters such a neutral combination of trades when the price movement is not clear. In an ideal situation, the two opposite trades can offset losses if either of the options fails. In this strategy, one can go 'either' long buy on both options i. The eventual outcome of the strategy depends entirely on the quantum of price movement on the security in question.
In other words, the degree of price movement, rather than the direction of price movement, affects the outcome. A straddle strategy involves the following: A straddle option works on the neutral ground that price can move in either direction, but the movement should be volatile. To get best results from the strategy, one should go for a straddle strategy when there is enough time to expiry.
A trader should enter at-the-money options means the strike price of the options should be equal to the price of the underlying or close to it at the time of purchase or sale. This can offset the cost of the trade and the remainder can be profit. Cost for any straddle involves two points: Suppose the Tata Motors stock is trading at Rs Now suppose a trader has begun a long straddle by buying one lot each of November series put option and call option at strike price Rs for Rs 21 Call and Rs The cost of the trader at this point of time is Rs If the strategy fails, this will be the maximum possible loss for the trader.
If Tata Motors trades at around Rs at the expiry of the November series, then the Put option will expire worthless, as it will turn out-of-the-money which means the strike price is less than the trading price. If the initial cost of Rs Suppose the trader decides to exit the strategy before expiry, when Tata Motors trades at around Rs in cash market, say, the Call option trades at Rs 5 and the Put option at Rs 30 value of Call option is less, as chances are it will expire worthless.
In this case, the payout will be: In a long straddle, a trader can suffer maximum loss when both options expire at-the-money, thus turning them worthless. In such a case, the trader has to pay the difference between the value of premiums plus commissions on both option trades. In case of a short straddle, the loss can actually be manifold. For safer implementation, a straddle should be constructed at a time when it is not close to the expiry date.
The trader should not keep it open till the expiry date, as chances of a failure are often quite high nearer to expiry. One can also look at the implied volatility of the market to determine the best time to buy or sell options. This involves buying both Call and Put options with the same expiry date, strike price and underlying security index, commodity, currency, interest rates. The strategy involves limited risk, as the cost of both the options is the maximum value that the trader can lose in this trade.
Breakeven points for a long straddle are: This involves selling both call and put options with the same expiry date, strike price and underlying security index, commodity, currency, interest rates.
This strategy involves unlimited risk, as one may lose up to entire value of the security in case of sale of both options, but profit will be limited to the premiums received on both options. Breakeven points for short straddle strategy are: My Saved Definitions Sign in Sign up.
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